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Home » Issue 13 » Education resources for the International Year of Astronomy

Education resources for the International Year of Astronomy

This year is the International Year of Astronomy. To celebrate, Chris Starr and Richard Harwood suggest some useful websites and other resources to inspire your astronomy teaching.

Space science plays an important role in our lives today, more so than most of us are aware. Communications networks, weather forecasts and climate studies, oceanography and many areas of environmental management depend on space technology.

To commemorate the 400th anniversary of Galileo’s first discoveries at the telescope, the International Astronomical Union and UNESCO proclaimed 2009 to be the International Year of Astronomy (IYA). To mark this special year, a large range of activities has been organised worldwide, many of which have some application in the classroom. Below is a selection of resources that we have found useful in our teaching activities over the course of this year.

The official IYA website

Officially, the IYA activities are being co-ordinated through the national hubs of the countries involved (currently 142 of them), and focused through the IYA 2009 website: www.astronomy2009.org

Portal to the Universe

Another useful point of contact is the newly opened ‘Portal to the Universe’, created as one of IYA 2009’s twelve cornerstone projects: www.portaltotheuniverse.org

Worldwide astronomy clubs and organisations

Whatever your level of interest or expertise, if you wish to get advice or participate, you can contact your IYA 2009 national node: a local astronomy club, planetarium or science museum. See: www.astronomy2009.org/organisation/nodes/national/list

A list of other astronomy organisations worldwide can be found on www.skyandtelescope.com/community/organizations or www.astronomyclubs.com

40th anniversary of the first manned Moon landings

This year is also the 40th anniversary of the first manned Moon landings. This could be an incentive for a class project on the history of manned spaceflight and the Apollo missions. Students can use the major space agencies’ websites to follow current developments in space exploration. The websites of the US National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the European Space Agency (ESA) feature TV and video-casts which give up-to-the-minute coverage of missions: www.nasa.gov and www.esa.int


La Silla telescopes in twilight
Image courtesy of ESO / H H Heyer

Astronomical image exhibition

‘From Earth to the Universe’ is a collection of astronomical images representing the wide variety of astronomical objects. It is being exhibited in more than 250 locations throughout the world in 2009 and 2010. Visit the website to find out when it might be coming to your area: www.fromearthtotheuniverse.org

The full collection of images with explanatory captions is also available online; see ‘Tour the Images’ in the website’s section for visitors.

The ESA and the European Southern Observatory also offer useful multimedia collections, including image galleries and videos: www.esa.int and www.eso.org/gallery

Build your own telescope


The Horsehead Nebula
Image courtesy of APLF / ESO

Your students might enjoy the challenge of building their own telescopes, an exciting physics project using simple tubes and lenses, allowing them to learn about optics in the process. IYA 2009 can provide simple telescope kits through the ‘Galileoscope’ cornerstone project. See: www.astronomy2009.org/globalprojects/cornerstones/galileoscope

Ready-made telescopes and other astronomical equipment can also be purchased online:

www.telescopehouse.com (in the UK)
www.galileo.cc (for all of Europe)
www.siriusobservatories.com (for observatory domes, including European outlets)

If you already have a telescope at your school, you might like to know that for a modest investment in a Stellacam video camera, you would be able to transmit live images from your telescope to a large TV screen – a great tool for explaining the night sky to a group of people. The Stellacam is available from: www.astrovid.com

Resources of the European Space Agency

For a range of educational resources in English and other European languages for all school levels, offering teaching materials, competitions, kits, DVDs, online lessons, ideas for projects and more, visit ESA’s Education and Human Spaceflight and Exploration websites: www.esa.int/SPECIALS/Education and www.esa.int/esaHS/education.html

Aimed at children in primary and lower secondary schools, the ESA Kids website includes information about space, as well as ESA’s activities, quizzes, competitions and more: www.esa.int/esaKIDSen

Other useful websites and online resources

Astronet is a network for astronomy research in Europe. Teachers might find the ‘Infrastructure Roadmap’ useful as it includes strategies for education and public outreach. See: www.astronet-eu.org

A variety of paper models of spacecraft for students to build can be downloaded from the NASA website here: http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/kids/papermodels.cfm

Further downloadable paper models of various spacecraft are offered by ESA. See: www.esa.int/esaKIDSen/build.html and http://sci.esa.int/science-e/www/object/index.cfm?fobjectid=35013

Spacecraftkits is a supplier of useful kits for project work and astronomy / space club activities: www.spacecraftkits.com

The International Year of Astronomy brochure, version 4, is available for download from: www.astronomy2009.org

Mickledore Publishing offers resources for junior- and middle-school astronomy courses. See: www.mickledoreastronomy.co.uk

Selected useful publications

Kerrod R, Sparrow G (2002) The Way the Universe Works. London, UK: Dorling Kindersley. ISBN: 9780751345759

Sagan C (1994) Pale Blue Dot: A Vision of the Human Future in Space. New York, NY, USA: Random House. ISBN: 9780679438410

Sparrow G, Aldrin B (2007) Spaceflight: The Complete Story from Sputnik to Shuttle - and Beyond. London, UK: Dorling Kindersley. ISBN: 9781405318181

Thimmesh C (2006) Team Moon – How 400,000 People landed Apollo 11 on the Moon. Boston, MA, USA: Houghton Mifflin. ISBN: 9780618507573

Space for Kids is an interactive DVD in the space and science series produced in 2007 by Finley Holiday Film Corp. Order from: http://finleyholiday.com

The Complete Cosmos is a multilingual (Dutch, English, French, German, Japanese, Spanish) set of two DVDs produced in 2000 by Beckmann Visual Publishing: www.beckmanndirect.com

The Lives of Galileo: a Journey through the History of Astronomy – a cartoon book by Swiss illustrator Fiami – is available in Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Italian, Portuguese and Thai, and can be ordered from www.fiami.ch


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List of lunar resources

As part of a series of guides for educators, the Astronomical Society of the Pacific has also produced an annotated list of resources for helping students and the public to understand and appreciate the Moon. See www.astrosociety.org/education/family/resources/moonguide.html

Two podcast series from the Astronomical Society of the Pacific

'Science in School' readers may also find the website of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific useful. Two series of podcasts involve interviews with and talks by leading astronomers: 1) "Astronomy Behind the Headlines" features short interviews that give you a look at the latest discoveries in astronomy and space science and provide links to related resources and activities. It is particularly designed for the staff of science museums, planetariums, and nature centers, but can be enjoyed by educators in all settings and everyone who follows astronomy. To listen to the latest episode, access related resource and subscribe via iTunes or XML, go to: http://www.astrosociety.org/abh/ 2) "The Silicon Valley Astronomy Lectures" feature complete talks by noted astronomers, recorded in both audio-only and video formats. Among the scientists who have spoken recently in the series are: Paul Kalas, whose group took the first visible-light image of a planet around another star (using the Hubble Space Telescope); Lynn Rothschild, an astrobiologists who explores some of the most hostile places on Earth to find life forms that might also survive on other worlds; and Patricia Burchat, a physicist who is seeking a better understanding of the dark matter and dark energy that seem to make up most of the universe through experiments. You can find the audio podcasts, and instructions for getting to the video versions at: http://www.astrosociety.org/education/podcast

Galileo Teacher Training Program

Galileo Teacher Training Program: bringing astronomy into the classroom The goal of the Galileo Teacher Training Program is to train teachers, the Galileo Ambassadors, in the effective use and transfer of astronomy tools and existing resources that are freely available on the internet, into classroom science curricula. Through workshops, online training tools and basic education kits, the pro­ducts and techniques developed by this programme can be adapted to reach locations with few resources of their own, as well as computer-connected areas that can take advantage of access to robotic optical and radio telescopes, webcams, astronomy exercises, cross-disciplinary resources, image processing and digital universes (web and desktop planetariums). The Galileo Ambassadors are equipped to train other teachers in these methodologies, leveraging the work begun during IYA2009 in classrooms everywhere. Website: www.galileoteachers.org


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