Science at home: distance learning with EMBL Inspire article

Explore the educational resources created by one of Europe’s leading laboratories, from school lectures to kitchen experiments.

The European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL)w1 is one of Europe’s leading research institutes for the life sciences. EMBL’s education department, known as the European Learning Laboratory for the Life Sciences (ELLS), is dedicated to sharing the scientific discoveries happening at EMBL with schools across Europe. At ELLS, we create inspiring learning experiences for teachers and students, all of which are developed in close collaboration with EMBL scientists.

Currently, the coronavirus pandemic is posing the challenge of keeping education going remotely. In this article, we present a collection of educational resources created by ELLS that can be used for virtual or distance learning, with the aim of supporting teachers worldwide.

This collection introduces students aged 7–19 to the molecular life sciences through online activities. It comprises two simple kitchen experiments for younger students, plus computer-based activities for older students that can be done entirely online without the need to install any software. All resources are standalone and can be used in different contexts and with different learning goals.

Experiments for students aged 7–14

Genie in a bottle: home experiment

‘Genie in a bottle’ experiment
‘Genie in a bottle’ experiment
EMBL Photolab/ELLS

Recommended age: 7+

Languages: English, German

This simple kitchen experiment aims to answer the question, ‘Where do the little holes in bread come from?’ As well as making the activities of single-celled organisms visible to students, the experiment and supplementary material teach them about baker’s yeast as a living organism and introduce the basic mechanisms of yeast energy metabolism.

DNA isolation from bananas: home experiment

Recommended age: 9+

Languages: English, German, Russian

DNA is the carrier of heritable information in all living organisms. These step-by-step instructions guide students through a simple kitchen experiment to isolate DNA from bananas, following the same principles of DNA isolation used by researchers in the laboratory. The activity text explains the scientific mechanisms behind the experiment.

Extracting DNA from bananas
Extracting DNA from bananas
ELLS

Online activities for students aged 14–19

Research career profiles in the life sciences

Language: English

Some EMBL scientists become ‘school ambassadors’, visiting schools across Europe and the world to share their experiences of working in research and the exciting current developments in the life sciences. These short biographies written by the researchers themselves give an intriguing insight into the diversity of scientific researchers’ backgrounds and their motivations.

Online activities for students aged 16–19

Focus: stem cells

Language: English

This short online module featuring colourful animations and illustrations provides an easy-to-grasp introduction to stem cells, with a particular focus on blood (haematopoietic) stem cells. Topics covered include an overview of the process of haematopoiesis, cell-type specialisation, stem cell homeostasis and the signalling that controls it.

What can rabbits tell you about evolution?

Language: English

ELLS
ELLS

This short online module is a simulation activity designed to teach the core principles of allele frequency in a gene pool. Topics covered include dominant and recessive alleles, inheritance, allele frequency calculations and their changes under directional selection, as well as the reason why retention of disadvantageous alleles can be desirable.

GFP treasure hunt

Languages: English, Czech, French, Greek, Italian, Swedish

This online module introduces students to some web-based bioinformatics databases and analysis tools used by life science researchers around the world. The module focuses on the ‘green fluorescent protein’ (GFP), and guides students step-by-step through identifying and analysing its DNA and protein sequences.

Exploring the evolution of light-sensitive proteins

Languages: English, Czech, French, Greek, Italian

This online bioinformatics activity is about the molecular evolution of genes. Step-by-step instructions help students to use web-based bioinformatics databases and tools to identify an ‘unknown’ protein and then learn about its biological function and the evolution of its protein family. The construction of a phylogenetic tree helps students to understand the relationship between homologues, paralogues and orthologues. Finally, students can observe the 3D structure of one member of the protein family.

EMBL Insight Lecture series

Language: English

The EMBL Insight Lecture series takes a look at current trends in life science research and shows how research is influencing our everyday lives. Each year, a senior EMBL scientist gives a lecture specially designed for a secondary school student audience, which are made available online. There are currently ten lectures available, with topics ranging from ocean diversity to timing in embryonic development.

The following Insight Lectures complement the school curriculum and introduce students to some of the latest experimental approaches that scientists are using to tackle the most fundamental questions in life science research.

You can access the whole series on the ELLS website.

Ageing and disease: what is the link?

EMBL Insight Lecture 2019

Speaker: Professor Dame Janet Thornton (EMBL-EBI)

Topic area: Bioinformatics

Age is a common risk factor for disease. Understanding the molecular changes in genes and the metabolic pathways involved in the ageing process may explain why we see an increased risk with age for some diseases. In this lecture, Professor Thornton explains how she and her research group analyse various data types in the hope of identifying drugs that could promise healthier human ageing. Supplementary reading material is included on the molecular mechanisms of ageing and the study of epigenetic clocks.

Topics covered in the lecture:

  • What is ageing?
  • The hallmarks of ageing
  • Epigenome changes during the ageing process
  • Protein composition change
  • Genes involved in ageing regulation
  • Chronological and biological ageing
  • Epigenetic clocks to measure biological ageing
  • Biological basis of ageing and a lifespan prediction
  • Methods to delay ageing
  • Computational approaches to finding drugs for the ageing process.

Cell division in focus: imaging an essential step of life

EMBL Insight Lecture 2015

Speaker: Dr Jan Ellenberg (EMBL Heidelberg)

Topic area: Cell biology

ELLS

Jan Ellenberg and his research team study cell division and the organisation of the nucleus. In his talk, Dr Ellenberg explains how individual molecular building blocks create a functional cell, and how specialised light microscopy and computational modelling techniques can be combined to help uncover the molecular mechanisms behind cell divisions. Supplementary reading material is included on how proteins can be tracked using a real-time 4D computer model.

Topics covered in the lecture:

  • Cell architecture and building blocks
  • Cell division: the basis of life
  • How to analyse mitotic genes
  • High-throughput time-lapse imaging
  • Computational phenotyping from imaging data
  • Tagging proteins using green fluorescent protein (GFP)
  • Cell division at the beginning of mammalian life
  • Light-sheet microscopy
  • Tracking cells in the embryo, and lineage reconstruction
  • Stem-cell fate specification.

Why do we do what we do? Exploring the neural basis of emotions

EMBL Insight Lecture 2014

Speaker: Dr Cornelius Gross (EMBL Rome)

Topic area: Epigenetics and neurobiology

Cornelius Gross and his research group study the molecular and neural basis of behaviour. In this lecture, Dr Cross aims to answer the question, ‘Why do we do what we do? He starts with an introduction to the study of brain and behaviour, and continues with the role of neural circuits in controlling emotions such as fear and anxiety. Supplementary reading material is also provided on the diverse routes by which EMBL scientists are studying neurobiology.

Topics covered in the lecture:

  • Instinctive and voluntary behaviour control
  • Synapses
  • How do neural circuits control emotions?
  • Optogenetics: using light to control the brain
  • Regions in the brain that control fear responses
  • Measuring instinctive fear and fear memory in mice.

From code to function: observing protein synthesis through the electron microscope

EMBL Insight Lecture 2013

Speaker: Dr Christiane Schaffitzel (EMBL Grenoble)

Topic area: Structural biology

Christiane Schaffitzel and her research team study the function and 3D structure of ribosomes. In her talk, Dr Schaffitzel gives an overview of protein synthesis and the role that ribosomes play in this process. She then shows how cryo-electron microscopy is used to study the structure of ribosomes.

Topics covered in the lecture:

  • The central dogma of molecular biology
  • Protein synthesis
  • Molecular structures of ribosomes
  • Ribosomal RNA as an enzyme
  • The function of ribosome subunits
  • What determines whether a protein is exported or not
  • Principals of electron microscopy
  • Sample preparation for cryo-electron microscopy and image analysis.

Web References

  • w1 – EMBL is Europe’s leading laboratory for basic research in molecular biology, with its headquarters in Heidelberg, Germany.

Resources

Author(s)

Teodora Dobreva is a biochemist keen on making science accessible. She is currently an intern at EMBL’s European Learning Laboratory for the Life Sciences (ELLS) in Heidelberg, Germany.

Eva Haas is a biologist turned science educator and communicator. She currently works as an education manager at ELLS.




License

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