What is matter? How did the Universe begin? Are there other planets like Earth? And how do we know? Eleanor Hayes reports on the first EIROforum teacher school.
The first teacher school organised by EIROforumw1, the publisher of Science in School, saw 35 science teachers from 17 European countries flock to CERNw2 in Geneva, Switzerland, in November 2009. Over four days, the teachers were inspired, fascinated and challenged by the evolution of the Universe – what do we know and how do we know it?
The aim – which, to judge by the teachers’ feedback, was amply achieved – was to give a flavour of the science done in four of the seven EIROforum organisations, inspiring the teachers to return home and motivate their students.
Using the same formula as CERN’s long-running teacher schools (see box), the EIROforum teacher school involved lectures by EIROforum scientists on topics as varied as the structure of matter (Landua & Rau, 2008), the origin of the Solar Systemw3, the search for extra-solar planets (Fridlund, 2009) and how to build a cloud chamber at school (Barradas-Solas, 2010). Other important elements were visits to research facilities including CERN’s Large Hadron Collider (LHC; Landua, 2008) and the interaction both among the teachers and between teachers and scientists.
The key point was to show the teachers what we know about the beginning and the evolution of the Universe, but also – perhaps even more importantly – how this knowledge was obtained. The lectures, by scientists from CERN, EFDA-JET, ESA and ESO, demonstrated how the scientific disciplines work together to unravel nature’s mysteries, how the research done in these four organisations focuses on finding answers to this common question.
“The lectures were very interesting and they will be very valuable in my teaching,” reported Jens Nielsen from Norway. Svejina Dimitrova from Bulgaria and Dana Jancinova from Slovakia added: “We need to update our knowledge regularly. Such courses are very useful to us and we will be able to bring our enthusiasm to our students.”
The next in the planned series of annual teacher schools will cover research from the other three EIROforum organisations: ESRF, ILL and EMBL will combine forces to bring life sciences alive at ESRF in Grenoble, France. For those European teachers lucky enough to be selected, EIROforum will cover not only the costs of their participation and accommodation but also their travel expenses to Grenoble. Teachers are selected on the basis of their motivation and enthusiasm to apply what they learn – and competition is stiff. If you’re inspired to take part, keep a close eye on the Science in School websitew4, where details of how to apply will be published.
The EIROforum teacher schools are based on CERN’s long-running physics teacher programmes, more than 20 of which are organised each year. The three-day physics teacher programmes are run in English for teachers from all over Europe, and they include seminars, visits and educational activities. The national teacher programmes are similar, but are held in the national language of the participants from CERN member states. The high-school teachers programme in summer is an international three-week course held in English. Details of all courses are available on the CERN websitew2.
The Joint European Torus (JET)w5 is Europe’s largest nuclear fusion research facility, operated under the European Fusion Development Agreement (EFDA).
Both EFDA-JET and many of the other fusion research institutes in the European Fusion Development Agreement (EFDA) have their own outreach programmes, which often include lectures, as well as visits to schools and research facilities. Details of the individual research institutes are available on the EFDA websitew6.
Educational materials, including booklets, CD-ROMs, images and movies, are available via the EFDA website. The website also provides basic and more advanced information about fusion science.
Amongst other education activities, the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) organises 2-3 day workshops for European secondary-school teachersw7, to introduce them to state-of-the-art molecular biology. The courses consist of lectures by EMBL scientists, practical activities suitable for schools, tours of the research facilities, and the chance to share science-teaching ideas with each other and the scientists.
The European Space Agency (ESA) offers a range of hands-on projects for schools (including a current competition to design a satellite – the ten best satellites will be launched into spacew8). Via its European Space Education Resource Offices in several countriesw9, ESA also offers support to local teachers, developing materials appropriate for the national education systems. Many more educational resources – including teaching materials, images, DVDs and much more – can be downloaded or ordered from the ESA Education websitew10. The ESA Kids’ websitew11, available in English, Dutch, French, German, Italian and Spanish, offers quizzes, pictures, animations and space-related news for children.
In support of astronomy and astrophysics education, especially at the secondary-school level, the European Southern Observatory (ESO) produces teaching material, such as education sheets about the Atacama Large Millimeter / submillimeter Array (ALMA) telescope project, which accompany the planetarium show about ALMA, ‘In search of our cosmic origins’w12. Another set of exercises, which use real data from telescopes such as the ESO Very Large Telescope, is produced in collaboration with ESAw13. ESO has also collaborated with the European Association for Astronomy Education (EAAE)w14. More information about ESO’s education and outreach activities, as well as comprehensive galleries of astronomy-related image and video material, is available on the ESO websitew15.
To be opened in 2013, the visitors’ centre on the ESRFw16 and ILLw17 site in Grenoble, France, will introduce the general public and school students to neutron and photon science, through hands-on activities, an exhibition and tours of the research facilities.