It can be difficult and time consuming to develop materials for really good science lessons. Many scientific research organisations, however, provide teaching resources, often designed together with teachers. Researchers provide scientific expertise and the teachers bring years of experience in the classroom.
These materials include pictures and videos as well as ideas for scientific experiments in the classroom. Some institutes even develop computer games for an interactive learning process. Sabrina Graß from the European Molecular Biology Laboratory reviews some online materials to help you to enliven your lessons and excite students about science.
The UK’s Association for Science Education provides many online teaching resources and links covering all science subjects and all student age groups. The interactive resources provide information and brief online tests on topics as diverse as Viagra®, the Periodic Table, and the Big Bang.
These teaching materials for primary and secondary schools may be viewed online, downloaded or ordered. They include interactive presentations, information sheets, online exhibitions and materials for running workshops. Topics covered include the structure of DNA, biodiversity, physiology, animal welfare, plants, agriculture, food biotechnology, spiders and genetics.
These online lesson plans address the biology of cancer, ethical issues surrounding the use of human tissues in research, how to lead a healthy life, and the role of viruses in cancer and the possible impacts of a vaccine for cervical cancer. The lesson plans are tailored to the English key stage 4 (ages 14-16) curriculum, but elements could be adapted by teachers in other European countries.
CERN, the world’s largest particle physics laboratory, provides online lectures, games, demonstrations of experiments to do in the classroom, movies, pictures, posters, and presentations about high-energy physics. Topics include particle physics, antimatter and special relativity as well as the functioning of bubble chambers and technological applications of CERN’s research. The games about CERN’s Large Hadron Collider and the microcosm are available in English, French, German and Italian.
Teaching materials on the DNA interactive website include interactive applications, information modules, lesson plans and student worksheets. All materials relate to DNA, but cover subjects as varied as the Romanov family, DNA fingerprinting in human identification, genes and medicine, and human origins. The accompanying DVD can be purchased online.
The websites of EFDA, JET (the world's largest nuclear fusion research facility), and ITER (its successor) answer many common questions about fusion. Teachers can download or order free booklets, articles, pictures, movies and interactive modules to support their lessons.
The European Initiative for Biotechnology Education, now finished, generated teaching materials for 16- to 19-year-old school students. Among the many topics are transgenic animals and plants, immunology, and the production of biscuits. The material consists of experimental protocols, practical activities, role plays, information and debates designed for immediate classroom use. Some of the material is rather out of date.
Based at the European Molecular Biology Laboratory, the European Learning Laboratory for the Life Sciences brings secondary-school teachers together with scientists in a research environment. The teaching material that they develop together is available online and includes a stem-cell game, a virtual microarray, a bioinformatics activity, and a role play about genetic testing.
Designed for astronomy teachers and students, the Journey across the Solar System information sheets use diagrams, images and texts to explain the main facts about the Solar System, the Sun, planets, moons, asteroids and comets.
Together with the European Space Agency (ESA), ESO has also developed a series of astronomy exercises for secondary schools. They can be downloaded or ordered online.
ESA Kids (German, English, Spanish, French, Italian, Dutch):
Aimed at children in primary and lower secondary school, the ESA Kids website includes information about space and ESA’s activities, quizzes, competitions, and instructions for building space models.
Instructions for building yet more models – this time of ESA spacecraft – can be downloaded here: http://sci.esa.int/science-e/www/object/index.cfm?fobjectid=35013
ESA Education (English and other European languages):
ESA provides a range of online materials for primary and secondary school, developed in collaboration with teachers. Including lesson plans, facts sheets, ideas for projects, satellite images, animations, analytical software, movies, exercises, games, quizzes and cartoons, they can be used to enliven geography, biology, physics, chemistry and mathematics lessons.
Some topics covered are Earth observation (water, volcanoes, atmospheric pollution, satellites, major disasters, weather and agriculture), the Universe and our Solar System, and humans in space (the International Space station, Newton in space and human physiology).
To support biology teachers, the HHMI has developed Biointeractive, an extensive website with animations, slide shows, videos and lectures by leading research scientists. The lectures can be downloaded as podcasts or ordered on DVD, and are supported by lesson plans and activities for the classroom – all developed together with secondary-school teachers. Online slide shows cover evolution and medicine, RNA interference, human origins and many other topics. Also online are interactive biomedical laboratory simulations including a bacterial identification lab, a cardiology lab and a neurophysiology lab.
The UK’s Institute of Physics (IOP) provides online ideas and resources for teaching advanced physics to students aged 16-19. For younger students, there are interactive games (SimPhysics), with advice for teachers on how to use the games in lessons. Readers can also order a series of CD-ROMs to support non-specialists who teach physics to 11- to 14-year-olds (note that these materials are not free of charge).
The IOP also (co-)produces several other good websites:
Scientists from Montana State University have worked with secondary-school teachers to create a library of online and interactive education materials for teaching astronomy. These web-based lessons incorporate online NASA resources, data and images.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
The US National Aeronautics and Space Administration provides educational material for all student ages and a broad range of subjects: earth science, history, life science, mathematics, physical science and space science, technology and engineering. Materials include podcasts, videos, classroom activities, posters, pictures, puzzles and instructions for building models of space shuttles and gliders. The materials can be browsed by student age or science subject.
For primary-school children, this website offers online games, animations and facts about space. The ‘teacher’s corner’ includes ideas for classroom activities, podcasts, posters and high-resolution images.
This website provides materials for secondary-school teachers in the form of videos, animations, articles, classroom activities, lesson plans and games about the genome and the Human Genome Project.
An online education kit, Understanding the Human Genome Project, examines genetic variation and what it means to be a human, how a genome is sequenced, the ethical implications of the Human Genome Project, and much more. There is also a detailed guide to using the website DNA from the Beginning: www.dnaftb.org
Why is the sky blue? Why does the setting Sun appear to be red? The European Physical Society asks 50 questions related to physics and relevant to everyday situations. The online answers are short, informative and scientifically correct and therefore suitable for children in both primary and secondary schools. The website can be used as it is, or posters with the questions and answers on can be ordered online.
The Science Learning Centres not only offer many courses for UK teachers, they also provide nearly 500 teaching resources on topics as diverse as biology, chemistry, ethics, earth science, ICT, general science, physics and psychology. Resources are available for all ages of school students, and include podcasts, teaching ideas, websites with background information, and films. You need to register to download the resources, but registration is free of charge.
In a series of national events culminating in an international science teaching festival, Science on Stage offers European teachers the chance to exchange successful and innovative teaching methods and materials. Details of many of the best teaching ideas presented at the festivals - covering all areas of science - can be downloaded or viewed online.
This website, by the UK’s Science and Technology Facilities Council, provides interactive resources to support science teaching at key stage 3 (11- to 14-year-olds) and key stage 4 (14- to 16-year-olds). They include teachers’ notes (with links to original research), lesson plans, student worksheets, video clips, animations and images. Topics include anthrax, the history of astronomy, nanotechnology, chocolate manufacture and nuclear radiation. A supporting CD-ROM can be ordered online free of charge.
DESY’s KworkQuark portal explains research topics in particle physics with aid of information pages, an online encyclopaedia and games.
From the Medienkatalog für Physiklehrer, you can download overhead transparencies about particle physics, particle accelerators, photon research and other topics.
The German Aerospace Centre School Information on Space booklets are aimed at students and teachers in primary and secondary schools. Topics covered include ‘the dream of flights’, German astronauts and the Solar System. The booklets can be downloaded or ordered online. English equivalents of the materials are available on the ESA Education website.
The teaching material Teilchenphysik in der Schule provides interactive animations, quizzes, videos, experiments and lessons for secondary-school teachers on physics topics such as particle physics, radioactivity and matter.
From the ‘student campus’ (Schülercampus), you can download games about scientific topics, including magnetism, glaciers, radiation, the nervous system, fusion energy, volcanoes, bacteria and virtual scientific laboratories.
The brochure Involvement in Helmholz School Laboratories (Broschüre zur Machmit-Aktion der Helmholtz-Schülerlabore) describes some scientific experiments to carry out with easily obtainable resources, for example how to measure acidity using red cabbage or how to build a thermometer. The brochure can be downloaded or ordered online.
The Helmholtz Gemeinschaft consists of several research institutes working in different scientific fields. Some of these research institutes provide their own additional teaching material. See
The Max Planck Society provides three German-language publications (Biomax, Techmax and Geomax) that present recent science findings in an understandable manner, and link them to the senior secondary-school curriculum. They can be downloaded or ordered online, and additional materials for teachers are available here: www.max-wissen.de
The Palais de la Découverte is a science museum which provides online teaching materials.
Why not tell other readers about your own favourite online teaching resources via the new Science in School online discussion forum: www.scienceinschool.org/forum
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